Cortisol is a stress hormone put out by our adrenal glands. Many people who are hooked on stimulants may also have high Cortisol levels. Stimulants like coffee produce 2 other stress hormones called epinephrine and norepinephrine. Epinephrine works hand and hand to trigger for more production of Cortisol.
Cortisol is a key marker of over-training. Do you wonder why you see so many people in the gym who workout out hard and get no growth? Cortisol may be the culprit. Too much Cortisol is caused by bad stress.
Cortisol can increase fat while breaking down muscle. Cortisol increases Insulin’s ability to produce more of a fat accumulating hormone called Leptin. Overweight people have high amounts of Leptin. There are many studies showing that stress increases fat around the belly area. Cortisol in smaller doses can work in concert with epinephrine and norepinephrine to speed up the amount of glycogen forced out of the liver to be burnt as energy. These 2 results show that there is a chemical difference between good and bad stress.
Too much Cortisol breaks down muscle for energy and inhibits collagen production and decreases amino acid uptake into muscles. Cortisol can break down collagen in skin ten times faster than any other type of protein. Collagen protein also makes up our connective tissue.
Cortisol acts as a pro-inflammatory hormone to balance potassium and sodium to bring pH back to normal. Supplementation of Magnesium to further balance electrolytes lowers Cortisol. When the body is too acidic many immune system enzymes do not activate. Cortisol can shut down parts of our immune system but can be protective against toxins from bad bacteria.
Cortisol counter acts Nitric Oxide by helping constrict blood vessels in our arms and legs. Cortisol is part of our fight or flight protection system.
Cortisol is produced to counter allergy symptom causing histamine. Cortisol helps control rheumatoid arthritis by regulating potassium.
Cortisol is not a bad hormone but only acts bad when it gets out of balance because of too much bad stress in our lives. Too much stress leads to being a flabby pencil-neck.